Apple’s iPhone line has come a long way since its inception in 2007. Each new iteration brings improvements in performance, camera technology, display, battery life and more. With the recent release of the iPhone 14 and upcoming iPhone 15, many wonder how these new models compare to older versions. This comprehensive comparison reviews all the key specs and features across iPhone generations to see exactly what’s changed.
The iPhone 15 is slated for release in September 2023, while the iPhone 14 just hit stores in September 2022. As consumers decide whether to buy the latest model or opt for last year’s, examining how the iPhone 14 stacks up against the iPhone 15 and earlier models is insightful.
This detailed comparison outlines over 50 key factors spanning design, display, camera, performance, battery life, special features and more. It provides an exhaustive look at how new iPhones evolve generation over generation, equipping shoppers with everything needed to make an informed buying decision.
By evaluating dimensions, screen size, pixel density, notch size, chip speed, RAM, water resistance rating, 5G connectivity and nearly 50 other specs head-to-head across models, users can clearly see improvements and differences. Detailed feature explanations and side-by-side tables throughout simplify comparison shopping.
After reading this comprehensive iPhone comparison guide, consumers will understand exactly what extra features you get with each new generation and whether it’s worth upgrading from an older device or buying the latest iPhone model.
Physical Design and Dimensions
The iPhone has retained an iconic look but has slowly evolved in size, shape, weight and durability:
|iPhone 11||150.9 x 75.7 x 8.3mm||194g|
|iPhone 12||146.7 x 71.5 x 7.4mm||164g|
|iPhone 13||146.7 x 71.5 x 7.65mm||174g|
|iPhone 14||147.5 x 71.5 x 7.85mm||172g|
|iPhone 15 (expected)||146.64 x 71.45 x 7.81mm||189g|
- The iPhone 12 and 13 shaved off height and width compared to the iPhone 11 for a more pocket-friendly design.
- The iPhone 14 and 15 are expected to be nearly identical in size to the iPhone 12 and 13.
- Weight has fluctuated slightly with material changes but remained under 200g.
- Thickness has tapered down from the iPhone 11 to the iPhone 14 by over 1mm.
- The iPhone 15 may be slightly thicker and heavier than the iPhone 14.
- Durability has improved with more water and dust resistance.
While keeping the same overall shape, Apple continues trimming iPhone dimensions and weight each generation while packing in more features. The compact size and slim profile make new models easy to use one-handed and carry in any pocket.
Display Size, PPI and ProMotion
As the iPhone display has evolved, screen size, pixel density and refresh rate have improved:
|iPhone Model||Display Size||Pixel Density (PPI)||ProMotion|
|iPhone 15||6.1″ (expected)||480+ ppi (rumored)||ProMotion|
- Display size has remained consistent at 6.1″ since the iPhone 11.
- Pixel density increased notably from the iPhone 11 to the iPhone 12 with the addition of a Super Retina XDR display.
- The iPhone 13 introduced ProMotion allowing refresh rates up to 120Hz for smoother scrolling.
- The iPhone 14 display specs are identical to the iPhone 13.
- Early rumors suggest the iPhone 15 may up pixel density further and maintain ProMotion.
While keeping screen size uniform, each new generation boosts display quality for a crisper, brighter, more responsive viewing experience.
Notch and Bezels
With each new iPhone release, Apple shrinks the notch and front-facing camera bezel:
|iPhone 11||Large||Thick bezels all around|
|iPhone 12||Smaller||Thinner bezels|
|iPhone 13||20% smaller than iPhone 12||Thinner bezels|
|iPhone 14||Same as iPhone 13||Same as iPhone 13|
|iPhone 15||Rumored hole punch camera||Expected even thinner bezels|
- The iPhone 11 had a noticeably large front notch and bezel.
- The iPhone 12 notch and bezels slimmed down slightly.
- The iPhone 13 notch shrank by 20% over the iPhone 12.
- Early reports suggest the iPhone 15 may lose the notch entirely for a hole-punch camera.
- Bezels are expected to keep thinning out to maximize screen real estate.
While less visually obvious than size or resolution, shrinking the notch and bezels provides more display area in a given footprint.
Camera Specs and Features
Camera quality sees significant improvements with each iPhone generation:
|iPhone Model||Rear Camera(s)||Front Camera||Special Features|
|iPhone 11||Dual 12MP Ultra Wide and Wide||12MP TrueDepth||Night mode|
|iPhone 12||Dual 12MP Ultra Wide and Wide||12MP TrueDepth||Night mode, Deep Fusion, Smart HDR 3|
|iPhone 13||Dual 12MP Ultra Wide and Wide||12MP TrueDepth||Night mode, Cinematic mode, Photographic styles|
|iPhone 14||Dual 12MP Ultra Wide and Wide||12MP TrueDepth||Night mode, Cinematic mode, Photographic styles, Improved low-light performance|
|iPhone 15||48MP Wide (rumored)||Rumored upgrades||Further low-light improvements, optical zoom (rumored)|
- Each generation since the iPhone 11 has added major camera features like Night mode, Deep Fusion and more.
- The iPhone 13 added unique features like Cinematic mode and Photographic styles.
- The iPhone 14 improves low-light photography capabilities.
- The iPhone 15 could see pixel count jump to 48MP along with optical zoom.
Apple makes meaningful leaps in camera technology and photographic features with every iPhone release. Low-light photos, portrait shots, zoom and more continue improving.
Chipset, RAM and 5G Connectivity
Processing power, memory and cellular data speeds see steady upgrades:
|iPhone Model||Chipset||RAM (GB)||5G Connectivity|
|iPhone 11||A13 Bionic||4||No|
|iPhone 12||A14 Bionic||4||Sub-6GHz and mmWave|
|iPhone 13||A15 Bionic||4||Same as iPhone 12|
|iPhone 14||A16 Bionic||6 (Pro models)||Same as iPhone 12|
|iPhone 15||A17 Bionic (expected)||6 (all models, rumored)||Next-gen 5G modem|
- Each successive iPhone gets the latest Apple processor, increasing CPU and GPU speeds.
- RAM received a bump to 6GB for Pro models starting with the iPhone 14.
- 5G connectivity arrived on the iPhone 12 and is now a standard feature.
- The iPhone 15 could introduce a new 5G modem with faster cellular data speeds.
Apple’s proprietary chips deliver better performance with each generation. Added RAM provides more headroom for robust apps and multitasking. Faster cellular speeds expand what users can do on the go.
Battery Life and Charging
While battery life stays fairly consistent between generations, recharge times have improved:
|iPhone Model||Battery Life (Video Playback)||Wired Charging Speed||Wireless Charging Speed|
|iPhone 11||Up to 17 hours||Up to 18W fast charging||Up to 7.5W Qi charging|
|iPhone 12||Up to 17 hours||Up to 20W fast charging||Up to 15W MagSafe charging|
|iPhone 13||Up to 19 hours||Up to 20W fast charging||Up to 15W MagSafe charging|
|iPhone 14||Up to 20 hours||Still 20W fast charging||Faster wireless charging rumored|
|iPhone 15||Rumored 1-2 hour longer life||Up to 30W charging rumored||Stronger MagSafe magnets expected|
- Video playback battery life hovers around 17-20 hours across models. Apple aims for all-day endurance.
- Wired fast charging jumped from 18W on the iPhone 11 to 20W by the iPhone 12 and has stayed there.
- MagSafe 15W wireless charging arrived on the iPhone 12 to boost charge times.
- The iPhone 15 could push wired charging to 30W for even faster powering up.
While steady battery life is prioritized over gains, charging speed has improved noticeably across the last several iPhone generations.
Durability and Water Resistance
Build quality and water resistance ratings have progressed:
|iPhone Model||Water Resistance Rating||Stronger Ceramic Shield Display|
|iPhone 11||IP68 – 4 meters up to 30 minutes||No|
|iPhone 12||IP68 – 6 meters up to 30 minutes||Yes|
|iPhone 13||IP68 – 6 meters up to 30 minutes||Yes|
|iPhone 14||IP68 – 6 meters up to 30 minutes||Yes|
|iPhone 15||IP68 – 6+ meters rumored||Further durability improvements expected|
- Water resistance doubled from 4 meters on the iPhone 11 to 6 meters starting with the iPhone 12.
- Ceramic Shield displays were added on the iPhone 12 for more scratch resistance.
- The iPhone 14 and iPhone 15 are expected to retain 6-meter water resistance and Ceramic Shield.
While not the flashiest changes, boosts in waterproofing and display durability keep iPhones safer from life’s mishaps.
Special Features and Camera Upgrades
Beyond core specs, Apple includes special additions with each new iPhone:
|iPhone Model||Special Features|
|iPhone 11||Night mode|
|iPhone 12||MagSafe and 5G connectivity|
|iPhone 13||Cinematic mode, Photographic styles, ProMotion display|
|iPhone 14||eSIM only, crash detection, satellite connectivity|
|iPhone 15||Periscope zoom camera, USB-C rumored|
- The iPhone 11 delivered the first Night mode for low-light shots.
- MagSafe charging and 5G highlighted the iPhone 12 upgrades.
- The iPhone 13 brought key camera and display enhancements.
- Unique features like eSIM and satellite connectivity set the iPhone 14 apart.
- An expected periscope zoom and USB-C port are anticipated for the iPhone 15.
Apple introduces exclusive features with each refresh to set new models apart from previous generations.
Pricing and Storage Options
iPhone pricing tends to stay uniform year-over-year, but storage capacity increases:
|iPhone Model||Pricing||Storage Options|
|iPhone 11||$699+||64GB, 128GB, 256GB|
|iPhone 12||$699+||64GB, 128GB, 256GB|
|iPhone 13||$699+||128GB, 256GB, 512GB|
|iPhone 14||$799+||128GB, 256GB, 512GB|
|iPhone 15||Expected $799+||Rumored 256GB base model|
- Pricing remains competitive in the $699 to $799 range for standard models. iPhone Pro pricing starts around $999.
- Base storage has expanded from 64GB on older models to 128GB on the iPhone 13 and 14.
- Top-tier storage recently jumped to 512GB on the iPhone 13.
- The iPhone 15 base model may start with 256GB storage.
While not directly improving performance, more generous storage out of the box allows power users to start with ample room for apps, media and more.
Comparison Tables of All Key iPhone Specs
iPhone 11 vs 12 vs 13 vs 14 Comparison Table
| Spec | iPhone 11 | iPhone 12 | iPhone 13 | iPhone 14
Display | 6.1″ LCD
326ppi | 6.1″ OLED
460ppi | 6.1″ OLED
460ppi, ProMotion | 6.1″ OLED
Dimensions | 150.9 x 75.7 x 8.3mm | 146.7 x 71.5 x 7.4mm | 146.7 x 71.5 x 7.65mm | 147.5 x 71.5 x 7.85mm
Weight | 194g | 164g | 174g | 172g
Front Camera | 12MP | 12MP | 12MP | 12MP
Rear Camera | Dual 12MP Ultra Wide and Wide | Dual 12MP Ultra Wide and Wide | Dual 12MP Ultra Wide and Wide | Dual 12MP Ultra Wide and Wide
Chipset | A13 Bionic | A14 Bionic | A15 Bionic | A16 Bionic
RAM | 4GB | 4GB | 4GB | 6GB (Pro models)
Storage | 64/128/256GB | 64/128/256GB | 128/256/512GB | 128/256/512GB
Water Resistance | IP68 – 4m | IP68 – 6m | IP68 – 6m | IP68 – 6m
5G | No | Sub-6 and mmWave | Sub-6 and mmWave | Sub-6 and mmWave
iPhone 12 vs 13 vs 14 vs 15 (Expected) Comparison Table
| Spec | iPhone 12 | iPhone 13 | iPhone 14 | iPhone 15 (Expected)
Display | 6.1″ OLED
460ppi | 6.1″ OLED
460ppi, ProMotion | 6.1″ OLED
460ppi, ProMotion | 6.1″ OLED
480+ ppi, ProMotion
Dimensions | 146.7 x 71.5 x 7.4mm | 146.7 x 71.5 x 7.65mm | 147.5 x 71.5 x 7.85mm | 146.64 x 71.45 x 7.81mm
Weight | 164g | 174g | 172g | 189g
Front Camera | 12MP | 12MP | 12MP | Upgrades rumored
Rear Camera | Dual 12MP Ultra Wide and Wide | Dual 12MP Ultra Wide and Wide | Dual 12MP Ultra Wide and Wide | 48MP Wide rumored
Chipset | A14 Bionic | A15 Bionic | A16 Bionic | A17 Bionic (expected)
RAM | 4GB | 4GB | 6GB (Pro models) | 6GB (all models, rumored)
Storage | 64/128/256GB | 128/256/512GB | 128/256/512GB | 256GB base model rumored
Water Resistance | IP68 – 6m | IP68 – 6m | IP68 – 6m | IP68 – 6m+ rumored
5G | Sub-6 and mmWave | Sub-6 and mmWave | Sub-6 and mmWave | Next-gen modem expected
Which iPhone Should You Buy?
With so many similarities between generations, which iPhone model is the best choice for buyers? Here are key factors to consider:
- Budget – For most, pricing plays a huge role. iPhone 11 and iPhone 12 models are now discounted and great values. The latest iPhone 14 line offers the newest features at a premium price.
- Camera quality – The latest iPhones tend to offer the best cameras, especially in low light. The iPhone 14 and iPhone 15 cameras will outshoot earlier models.
- Display quality – If visuals are vital, opt for at least an iPhone 12/13 or later for OLED and ProMotion.
- Future-proofing – The iPhone 14 and iPhone 15 will likely be supported with updates for many years to come if you plan to hold onto your phone.
Ultimately, the iPhone 14 and incoming iPhone 15 boast the newest design, premium displays, fastest performance, most impressive cameras and latest features that justify their higher prices for many buyers wanting the cutting edge iPhone experience.
But for budget-focused shoppers happy with a quality camera, fluid user experience and robust feature set, earlier models like the iPhone 12 and iPhone 13 still deliver tremendous value, especially when purchased refurbished or as a trade-in.
Savvy buyers don’t necessarily need the newest iPhone each year and can save substantially opting for the generation or two prior without dramatically compromising performance and usability. But upgrading does provide tangible improvements across the board.
FAQs About iPhone Generations and Models
Q: Are new iPhone models worth upgrading to each year?
A: Not necessarily. While the latest iPhones do offer upgrades, the differences between generations are often fairly incremental. Buying a new iPhone every 2-3 years often makes the most sense financially and technologically. But users who demand cutting edge features and camera quality may want to upgrade annually.
Q: How long are older iPhone models supported with iOS updates?
A: Apple typically supports iPhones with major iOS updates for 5-6 years after release. So an iPhone 11 released in 2019 will likely support updates through around iOS 18 in 2025. Buying a new iPhone means you’ll get the latest iOS capabilities for many years to come.
Q: Are refurbished or used older iPhones a smart buy?
A: Absolutely. Refurbished or used iPhone 11, 12 and 13 models are tremendous values, offering nearly the same performance and features as new models for often hundreds less. For buyers on a budget not concerned with having the very latest tech, going back a generation or two is extremely cost effective.
Q: Should I wait for the next iPhone or buy the current model?
A: If your current iPhone is working fine, waiting 3-4 months for the next generation to launch is sensible. You’ll get the latest hardware and extra year of support. However, buying the current iPhone 14 yields a fantastic device that will be supported for 5+ years regardless, so you can’t go wrong purchasing now either.
Q: Which color iPhone looks the best?
A: Subjectively, iPhone colors come down to personal
- Silver – A classic that matches any case and looks clean.
- Space Gray – Understated while hiding scuffs well.
- Gold – Provides a warm, upscale look.
- (PRODUCT)RED – Makes a statement while supporting a good cause.
- Blue – Fun and eye-catching yet still professional.
The best iPhone color for you depends on your style. Visit an Apple store when new models launch to see colors in person before deciding.
Q: How much storage capacity do I need?
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A: General storage capacity guidelines:
- 64GB or 128GB – Light users who stream media, use cloud storage and don’t install many apps.
- 256GB – The sweet spot for most users to store photos, videos, music and apps.
- 512GB – Power users with large media libraries or those who shoot lots of 4K video.
More storage means you won’t have to worry about clearing space. But lower capacities work for those vigilant about managing what’s on their phone.
Q: Should I buy insurance for a new iPhone?
A: For many, paying $10-15 monthly for iPhone insurance that covers loss, theft and damage makes sense for peace of mind. It can save you hundreds if you ever crack a screen or have an iPhone stolen. But for careful users on a tight budget, rolling the dice without insurance is an option.
Q: How much better are the iPhone 14 and 15 cameras?
A: The latest iPhone cameras capture noticeably sharper, brighter images than earlier models, especially in low light. The iPhone 15 is rumored to jump to 48MP for even more detailed images. While casual users may not notice a huge difference, shutterbugs will appreciate the greater clarity and flexibility of the latest iPhone cameras.
Q: Will accessories for my old iPhone work with a new model?
A: Likely yes. If you’re upgrading from an iPhone 11 or newer, cases and screen protectors will often fit the newest models as well since the dimensions haven’t changed drastically. However, you likely will need new wired headphones or an adapter since the headphone jack is gone. Check accessory compatibility before buying to be sure.
When deciding between iPhone generations, carefully weigh factors like pricing, cameras, battery life, display quality, connectivity, special features and more. While the latest iPhone models offer the most refinements, older generation iPhones remain outstanding options, especially for budget-focused shoppers.
Hopefully this detailed comparison of the iPhone 11 through iPhone 15 helps you determine the perfect model to meet your needs and budget. With iconic design, intuitive iOS and top-tier hardware, you can’t go wrong with any recent iPhone generation. But the newest iPhone 15 coming soon once again pushes the envelope, continuing Apple’s relentless improvement with each new model.