Hurricane season in the Atlantic brings powerful storms that can cause immense damage. Having access to real-time hurricane tracking maps and models is crucial for monitoring developing storms and preparing for potential impacts. This comprehensive guide will examine the best hurricane tracking maps and models available for live storm monitoring.
Hurricanes are massive storm systems that form over warm ocean waters and bring strong winds, heavy rain, storm surges and flooding. During the Atlantic hurricane season from June to November, forecasters keep a close eye on storm development and track storms in real-time using various maps and computer models.
Having access to the latest hurricane tracking maps and models allows government agencies, weather services, utility companies, emergency managers, coastal residents and others to closely monitor storms as they evolve. Real-time tracking provides critical up-to-date information on a storm’s current position, forecast track, intensity changes, forward speed and potential impacts.
This valuable data enables timely preparation decisions and life-saving evacuations when dangerous hurricanes threaten land. Read on for an in-depth look at the vital real-time hurricane tracking maps and models available for live monitoring of these destructive storms.
Satellites provide one of the most useful tools for real-time hurricane tracking from space. Satellite maps show a storm’s location with detailed imagery updated continuously as new data becomes available.
The Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) operated by NOAA are the main satellites used for hurricane tracking and forecasting in the Atlantic basin. The advanced GOES-16 and GOES-17 satellites provide high-resolution imagery of storms every 30 seconds.
The satellite maps show the hurricane’s eye, spiral bands, cloud tops, size, movement, development and organization. Forecasters use the frequent imagery to pinpoint a storm’s location and analyze changes in strength.
International Space Station Live Views
Live video streams from cameras on the International Space Station provide spectacular real-time views of major hurricanes from space. As the station orbits Earth, the external video cameras often capture stunning footage showing storms spreading across the ocean.
The live video is available during the station’s orbit when there is a daylight view. The high-angle perspective shows striking images of enormous hurricanes and clearly depicts the swirling shape and expansive size of these powerful systems.
Other weather satellites from NASA, NOAA, Europe, China, India and Japan also provide visible and infrared imagery useful for hurricane observation and tracking. Microwave sensors can see inside storms even when cloud cover obscures visible views.
NASA’s Cyclone Global Navigation Satellite System (CYGNSS) uses a constellation of small satellites with radar to measure surface winds, helping track a storm’s strength. Data from various weather satellites gets incorporated into forecast models.
Hurricane Tracking Maps
Hurricane tracking maps from reliable sources provide up-to-date maps plotting a storm’s location, projected track, intensity and other details. The maps are frequently updated, often hourly or more, during active hurricane events.
National Hurricane Center Forecast Cone
The National Hurricane Center (NHC) issues official forecasts and tracking maps covering tropical storms and hurricanes in the Atlantic and Eastern Pacific. Their tracking map shows each storm’s current position and the forecast cone representing the probable track over the next five days based on historical forecast errors.
The NHC cone gives the most likely path showing where the storm center could go. However, impacts can extend well outside the cone since storms are massive and hazards like flooding rain extend far from the center.
NHC Track Forecast Line
In addition to the forecast cone, the NHC tracking map includes an alternate simplified track line showing the latest forecast track from the dynamical models. This single line makes it easier to visualize the expected forecast track direction.
The line depicts where the storm is predicted to move over the next five days based on the various computer models and lessons learned from previous storms. Moving forward, the NHC plans to highlight this track line instead of the forecast cone.
Spaghetti models provide a look at the various possible hurricane tracks projected by dozens of dynamical models run by meteorological agencies worldwide. Each model is shown as a single colored line, with the cluster of lines resembling spaghetti noodles hence the name.
Seeing the range of solutions helps meteorologists assess the amount of uncertainty and spread in the forecast track guidance. Models tending to cluster together increase confidence, while very divergent solutions mean lower confidence in the exact path.
Wave Height Maps
Wave height maps estimate the significant wave heights generated by the hurricane-force winds. The maps show peak projected wave heights in different colors overlaid on a map of the storm’s current position and forecast track.
These maps from sources like NOAA/NWS and OceanWeather Inc. are useful for visualizing the expansive ocean area that will be impacted by dangerously high seas extending far from the hurricane itself.
Hurricane Wind Maps
Hurricane-force winds can extend more than 100 miles from the storm’s eye, covering a vast area with potentially devastating impacts. Real-time wind analysis maps provide critical information on the wind field size, strongest winds and areas most threatened.
NOAA Wind Analysis Map
NOAA’s Ocean Prediction Center issues hurricane wind analysis maps every six hours for active storms. The maps estimate surface wind speeds using SFMR hurricane hunter data, satellite, buoy and other observations.
The easy-to-understand, color-coded maps show peak wind gusts organized into categories like hurricane force, tropical storm force, and gale force winds. Seeing the expansive wind field depicts the full scope of coastal and inland areas at risk.
Weather Underground Wind Maps
Weather Underground has an excellent experimental hurricane wind map that uses a cool visualization showing wind speed and direction. It incorporates data from weather models, surface observations and hurricane hunter flights.
The animated graphic plots colorful wind barbs showing the real-time wind direction and speed at various locations relative to the storm’s position and forecast track. The compelling display communicates both wind impacts and forecast track.
Storm Surge Maps
Dangerous storm surge and extreme coastal flooding often cause the most catastrophic hurricane damage and loss of life. Real-time storm surge forecast maps help identify surge threats and vulnerable areas in the storm’s path.
NHC Storm Surge Watch/Warning Graphic
The NHC issues Potential Storm Surge Flooding maps that highlight locations at risk for life-threatening surge based on the latest forecasts. These maps provide vital information for evacuation decisions before a hurricane’s arrival.
During the storm, the NHC shows areas under Storm Surge Warnings and the times when the surge is expected to reach peak levels at the coast.
NOAA Storm Surge Inundation Maps
NOAA’s National Weather Service produces storm surge inundation maps using data from the SLOSH (Sea, Lake and Overland Surges from Hurricanes) model. These maps estimate the height of storm surge above ground level and show what areas could be flooded.
The detailed maps are customized for each storm and coastal location threatened. Seeing the projected extent and depth of surge flooding assists emergency managers in assessing impacts.
Hurricane Prediction Models
Sophisticated computer models have become the primary tool for hurricane forecasting and tracking. Meteorologists use several prediction models to gauge where storms are heading and how strong they will get.
The Global Forecast System (GFS) model is run by NOAA and provides vital hurricane track and intensity guidance out to 16 days. For active storms, the GFS runs four times per day ingesting the latest data into the simulations.
GFS model maps show the projected hurricane track based on global atmospheric conditions. Comparing model runs helps determine trends and consistency. The GFS is considered one of the top global models used for hurricane forecasting.
The European Center for Medium-range Weather Forecasting (ECMWF) operates the European forecast model, considered one of the world’s best for hurricane predictions thanks to its robust design and higher resolution.
The track from the Euro model is closely watched and often sets the benchmark to evaluate other models against. Matching Euro solutions increase confidence levels in hurricane forecasts. When models diverge, meteorologists analyze why.
HWRF Hurricane Model
NOAA’s Hurricane Weather Research and Forecasting (HWRF) model is specialized for hurricanes with very high 9 km resolution and advanced hurricane physics. Having a model finely tuned for hurricanes provides improved intensity forecasts.
The HWRF model runs when storms form and provide key data on strengthening and weakening trends. The high resolution depicts small-scale features like eye-wall replacements that alter intensity.
Ensemble Forecast Models
Ensemble computer models like the GFS Ensemble and European Ensemble run many simulations with slightly altered initial conditions. This generates clusters of possible forecast tracks and intensities based on probability.
Examining ensemble model solutions as a whole helps quantify the amount of variability and uncertainty in a storm forecast. Tighter model clustering adds confidence compared to widely divergent ensemble members.
Real-Time Hurricane Graphics and Apps
Television meteorologists use real-time hurricane graphics and data feeds to dynamically display the latest storm tracking information and model forecasts as they analyze the threats live on-air.
Weather Graphics Packages
Weather graphics systems like WSI Truecast and Baron Lynx Lite integrate databases, radars and satellite feeds to generate on-air hurricane graphics with up-to-date maps, model tracks, analysis charts and imagery.
Green screen technology displays the meteorologist in front of dynamic map views and video showing real-time conditions as they explain the hurricane forecast. Immersive 3D depictions of storms provide impactful visuals for viewers.
Tracking Apps and Websites
Numerous weather apps and websites like Ventusky, Windy and MyRadar offer interactive tropical weather trackers. Users can overlay hurricane positions, forecasts and model guidance on live radar and satellite maps.
Tracking apps synthesize data into user-friendly map views accessible on mobile devices for real-time monitoring. Websites like Tropical Tidbits provide in-depth, frequently updated storm analysis.
Public Interactive Tracking Maps
Government agencies and weather services provide publicly accessible interactive hurricane tracking maps that display the latest official forecasts and reported conditions.
NHC Active Storms Map
The National Hurricane Center website features a live tropical cyclones map that plots active storms in the Atlantic and Eastern Pacific using a variety of customizable overlays.
Site visitors can track storms in real time using the latest NHC forecasts, satellite imagery, analysis charts, advisory data, weather station observations and model guidance.
NOAA Tracking Map
NOAA’s National Weather Service uses the Interactive Hurricane Tracker map online to plot tropical storms and hurricanes approaching landfall in the Atlantic, Eastern and Central Pacific basins.
The tracker overlays NOAA’s official forecast track and cone on a live map showing the current storm position automatically updated every hour. Users can select model data and other map options.
CNN Hurricane Tracker Map
CNN provides a user-friendly Hurricane Tracker map on their weather site updated with the latest forecast tracks, satellite images and hurricane categories as storms develop.
Registered users can save locations like their home, job and vacation spots to monitor storms threats across multiple areas of interest.
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Prepare with Live Hurricane Tracking
Accurate real-time hurricane tracking is essential for monitoring developing storms and preparing as threats emerge. Having access to the best tracking maps, models, graphics and apps enables smart readiness decisions and swift emergency response.
Pay close attention to trusted sources like the National Hurricane Center and local weather services when storms approach, and utilize their live maps to make timely protective actions. As hurricane season continues, stay weather-aware and use these invaluable tools to actively track threatening systems.
Frequently Asked Questions About Real-Time Hurricane Tracking
What is the most accurate hurricane tracking map?
The National Hurricane Center (NHC) produces the official hurricane forecast track and cone considered the most accurate and reliable resource for real-time storm monitoring. The NHC seamlessly incorporates data into skilled meteorological analysis.
Where do weather channels get hurricane tracking maps?
Television weather channels source NHC maps along with graphics from proprietary weather data providers. Tracking apps use public advisories and satellite/radar feeds. Attribution to official NHC forecasts is critical.
How often do hurricane tracking maps update?
The NHC updates tracking maps every 6 hours and more frequently when storms pose immediate threats. Satellite imagery refreshes as new data is received. Apps and websites can update tracking maps as often as every few minutes.
What is the European hurricane model?
The European Center medium-range forecast model is globally regarded as the top performing model for hurricane track predictions thanks to its high resolution, robust physics and ample computing power. Matching European solutions boosts forecast confidence.
What is the spaghetti model for hurricanes?
The spaghetti models show a collection of possible hurricane forecast tracks from different computer models. Reviewing the spaghetti model strands helps meteorologists analyze differing model solutions and uncertainty in the projected path.
Are hurricane tracking models accurate?
Hurricane track forecasting keeps improving with enhanced models, but there are still errors. The NHC’s 120-hour (5-day) track forecast error averaged around 100 miles in 2021. Intensity forecasting is more uncertain than tracking.
What is the hurricane forecast cone based on?
The NHC forecast cone represents a probable track area based on historical official forecast errors over the previous 5 years. The cone depicts where the storm center could go, but impacts extend outside the cone.
How often do satellites update hurricane images?
The GOES-R series satellites provide new full disk images every 10 minutes, with rapid-scan images over the continental US every 30 seconds for tracking rapidly evolving storms. Other weather satellites have varying imagery intervals.
Where do meteorologists get hurricane data?
Meteorologists access the latest hurricane advisory packages, radar, satellites, surface data, hurricane hunter reports, and forecast models. Local data and eyes-on analysis informs forecast decisions on top of technology.
What is storm surge and why is it dangerous?
Storm surge is an abnormal rise in water level caused by a hurricane’s winds pushing ocean water onshore. This can rapidly flood coastlines. Storm surge flooding is responsible for most U.S. hurricane deaths as water can overwhelm structures.
How can I track hurricanes in real time at home?
Use the NHC website for official forecasts and tracking. Weather apps like Ventusky provide real-time hurricane tracking with radar and satellite overlays. Interactive sites like Windy.com map the latest model data in graphical form.
- Real-time hurricane tracking is critical for monitoring storms as they develop and approach land.
- Satellite maps provide frequent visuals of a storm’s structure and location to pinpoint threats.
- Tracking maps from trusted sources like the NHC plot the latest position and forecast path information.
- Wind analysis maps show peak gusts and scope of hurricane-force winds expanding from the center.
- Storm surge maps illustrate vulnerable areas at risk for life-threatening coastal flooding.
- Sophisticated prediction models generate hurricane forecast tracks, but uncertainty remains.
- Interactive weather graphics and apps enable dynamic real-time storm visualization and analysis.
- Stay weather-aware and leverage the latest tracking technology to make timely preparations.