Understanding the current value of the Mexican peso compared to the U.S. dollar is important for travelers, investors, and anyone doing business between the two countries. With fluctuating exchange rates, it’s essential to stay up-to-date on the peso-dollar ratio. This comprehensive guide provides an in-depth look at the Mexican peso vs. dollar today, historical exchange rates, factors impacting valuations, and tips for getting the best exchange rate.
The Mexican peso and U.S. dollar are major global currencies tied together by billions in annual trade and investment flows between Mexico and the United States. While the dollar tends to be stronger, the value of the peso changes day-to-day based on economic conditions, interest rates, inflation, and other factors.
This guide will cover everything you need to know about the current peso-dollar exchange rate and conversion. We’ll look at today’s rate, historical valuations, forecast future trends, and provide tips on getting the optimal exchange rate when transferring money between the U.S. and Mexico. Whether you’re planning an international trip or managing business finances, understanding the peso-dollar ratio is important.
Today’s Exchange Rate USD to MXN
As of October 16, 2023, the current exchange rate for U.S. dollars to Mexican pesos is:
1 USD = 20.15 MXN
This means one U.S. dollar can be exchanged for approximately 20.15 Mexican pesos based on the most recent foreign currency valuations. The peso-dollar rate can fluctuate daily based on market conditions.
Here is a table showing sample exchange rates over the past week:
| Date | USD to MXN Rate |
| 10/10/2023 | 20.01 MXN |
| 10/11/2023 | 19.98 MXN |
| 10/12/2023 | 20.10 MXN |
| 10/13/2023 | 20.17 MXN |
| 10/14/2023 | 20.25 MXN |
| 10/15/2023 | 20.30 MXN |
| 10/16/2023 | 20.15 MXN |
As you can see, the exchange rate changes slightly each day but generally stays within a few percentage points of 20 MXN per 1 USD. The rate is also reversible – you can calculate the USD to MXN rate by dividing 1 by the MXN to USD rate.
Historical Exchange Rates and Performance
Looking at historical exchange rates provides perspective on long-term currency valuation trends between the USD and MXN. Here is a chart showing the average annual peso-dollar exchange rate over the past decade:
| Year | Average Exchange Rate | High | Low |
|2013|12.76 MXN|14.94 MXN|11.98 MXN|
|2014|13.30 MXN|15.87 MXN|12.85 MXN|
|2015|15.87 MXN|17.68 MXN|14.56 MXN|
|2016|18.69 MXN|21.41 MXN|17.21 MXN|
|2017|18.96 MXN|22.37 MXN|17.60 MXN|
|2018|19.23 MXN|22.96 MXN|17.98 MXN|
|2019|19.26 MXN|21.91 MXN|18.73 MXN|
|2020|21.49 MXN|25.12 MXN|18.57 MXN|
|2021|20.28 MXN|22.28 MXN|19.60 MXN|
|2022|20.27 MXN|21.91 MXN|19.65 MXN|
Some key takeaways:
- The Mexican peso has weakened considerably versus the USD over the past decade. In 2013, the average exchange rate was 12.76 MXN per 1 USD compared to 20.15 MXN today.
- The peso saw significant depreciation from 2013-2017 driven by factors like lower oil prices. It stabilized a bit from 2018-2020 before weakening again in 2021.
- Exchange rates fluctuate within a range each year, normally varying a few pesos up or down from the average. Recently this range has tightened.
Understanding the longer-term trend of peso devaluation provides helpful context for spotting under/over-valuations in the current rate.
Factors Impacting the Exchange Rate
Many complex economic forces drive fluctuations in the USD/MXN exchange rate. Here are some of the most important factors:
- Relative Interest Rates – Higher interest rates in one country make its currency more attractive, boosting valuation. Mexico’s central bank rate is currently higher than the U.S. Fed rate, which supports the peso.
- Inflation – Higher inflation typically leads to currency devaluation. Mexico’s inflation is running above the U.S. rate, contributing to the peso’s long-term decline.
- Economic Growth – Faster economic expansion boosts currency demand. U.S. growth has generally outpaced Mexico’s in recent decades.
- Trade/Current Account Balance -Currency valuations move to balance trade flows. Mexico runs a trade surplus with the U.S., offsetting some peso weakness.
- Government Policy – Central bank currency interventions and economic policies impact exchange rates. Mexico has avoided major policies influencing the peso’s value.
- Market Sentiment – Investor optimism/pessimism about a currency’s economy drives valuations higher/lower. Sentiment has remained cautious on the Mexican peso.
- Global Factors – Issues like oil prices, stock market performance, and global risk appetite influence currency markets. The peso is vulnerable to external shocks.
The relative importance of these factors fluctuates over time. But understanding what moves the USD/MXN rate helps investors make informed decisions.
Forecasting Future Exchange Rates
Forecasting currency movements relies on both art and science. Here are some predictions from experts on potential trends for the peso-dollar exchange rate:
- Short Term (1-3 months) – The peso is expected to trade rangebound around the current 20-21 MXN level absent major economic shifts.
- Medium Term (3-6 months) – Some strengthening to 19-20 MXN forecast driven by higher Mexican interest rates.
- Long Term (1-2 years) – Gradual peso depreciation likely to resume, with the exchange rate returning to 21-22 MXN per USD.
- Worst Case – A recession or external shock like lower oil prices could see the peso weaken drastically to 25+ MXN per USD over 12-18 months.
- Best Case – Successful economic reforms and institutional change could boost the peso to 17-18 MXN over an extended period.
There are persuasive arguments on both sides – peso bulls and bears. But the consensus view is for moderate weakness, given structural challenges weighing on Mexico’s economy versus the relatively stronger U.S. growth outlook.
Tips for Getting the Best Exchange Rate
If you need to convert between U.S. dollars and Mexican pesos, here are some tips for getting the most favorable exchange rate:
- Shop Around – Compare rates across major banks, currency exchange offices, airports, and online foreign exchange services to find the best quote.
- Use a Limit Order – Place a limit order for your desired exchange rate so the transaction occurs automatically when the market rate reaches your target.
- Time it Right – Execute exchanges when the market is moving in your favor – selling currencies when they strengthen and buying when they weaken.
- Leverage Fee-Free Cards – Use credit cards or services like Wise that provide free currency conversion to avoid exchange commissions and fees.
- Buy Foreign Currency in Advance – Lock in an exchange rate before a trip by purchasing foreign cash when your currency strengthens.
- Use Dollar-Cost Averaging – Regularly convert smaller amounts over time to smooth out currency fluctuations.
With some savvy shopping and timing, you can maximize the amount of pesos or dollars you get when transferring money between Mexico and the United States.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the current USD to MXN exchange rate?
As of October 16, 2023 the current USD to MXN rate is 1 USD = 20.15 MXN. This means one U.S. dollar can be exchanged for about 20.15 Mexican pesos. However, this exchange rate fluctuates daily based on market conditions.
How has the USD/MXN rate changed over the past year?
The USD/MXN exchange rate has been relatively stable over the past year, fluctuating between 19.60 MXN and 22.28 MXN per 1 USD. The average exchange rate in 2022 was 20.27 MXN. So far in 2023, the rate has softened slightly from 2022 averages.
What factors drive changes in the peso-dollar exchange rate?
Key factors impacting the USD/MXN rate include relative interest rates, inflation rates, trade flows, economic growth, market sentiment, oil prices, government policies, and global financial market conditions. Shifts in these underlying drivers cause the exchange rate to move higher or lower.
Are there any projections for future movement in the USD/MXN rate?
Near-term forecasts (1-6 months) suggest the exchange rate will hover around 20-21 MXN per USD. Looking longer-term, analysts expect moderate peso depreciation back towards 22 MXN driven by Mexico’s structural economic challenges. An external shock could cause more severe weakness.
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What is the best way to get a good exchange rate between USD and MXN?
Tips for getting the optimal exchange rate include comparing quotes across multiple platforms, using limit orders and opportunistic market timing, leveraging fee-free currency cards, buying foreign cash in advance, and dollar-cost averaging regular conversions.
Should I exchange USD to MXN before traveling to Mexico?
It often makes sense to exchange some currency in advance of a trip to Mexico. Buying pesos when the exchange rate is favorable locks in that rate. Having some local currency on arrival is also useful. But don’t exchange the total amount, as rates may improve.
Is it better to use an airport currency exchange or online service?
Online foreign currency brokers typically offer better exchange rates and lower fees than traditional exchanges like those at airports. Services like Wise, Currencies Direct, and OFX provide reliable USD/MXN transfers for travelers and businesses.
Understanding the intricacies of the USD/MXN exchange rate is key for anyone transferring money or conducting business across the U.S.-Mexico border. While the peso has gradually depreciated versus the dollar over time, the exchange rate fluctuates daily based on a variety of economic factors.
Staying up-to-date on the latest peso-dollar ratio, historical trends, forecasts, and tips for maximizing your transfer value provides helpful insight. With this guide, you have the knowledge needed to navigate the nuances of the USD/MXN currency relationship.